What is a PSA Test?
The PSA test is a blood test used to screen for prostate cancer. The test measures the amount of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in your blood. PSA is a protein produced by both cancerous and noncancerous tissue in the prostate, a small gland that sits below a man’s bladder.
Elevated PSA Levels may indicate:
- Prostate Cancer
- A noncancerous condition such as prostatitis
- An enlarged prostate
Who should get this test?
Most men with Prostate Cancer are without symptoms, so screening is very important. The American Cancer Society recommends that men should get a PSA test at:
- Age 50 for men who are at average risk of prostate cancer and are expected to live at least 10 more years.
- Age 45 for men at high risk of developing prostate cancer. This includes African Americans and men who have a first-degree relative (father, brother, or son) diagnosed with prostate cancer at an early age (younger than age 65).
- Age 40 for men at even higher risk (those with more than one first-degree relative who had prostate cancer at an early age).
This test may be done if you have the following symptoms:
- A frequent need to urinate, especially at night
- Difficulty starting or stopping a stream of urine
- Leaking of urine when laughing or coughing
- Inability to urinate standing up
- Painful or burning sensation during urination or ejaculation
- Blood in urine or semen
- Loss of weight and appetite, fatigue, nausea, or vomiting
When will I receive my results?
Once completed, you will receive your results within 3-5 business days in your LabFinder portal.
How do I prepare? Do I need to fast?
No preparation or fasting required. Just bring your LabFinder Order and Insurance Card to your appointment.