What is an Abdominal X-Ray?

An abdominal X-ray is a safe and painless test that uses a small amount of radiation to make an image of a person’s abdomen (belly). During the examination, an X-ray machine sends a beam of radiation through the abdomen, and an image is recorded on special film or a computer. This image shows the stomach, liver, spleen, small and large intestines, and diaphragm.

Who should take this test?

Your doctor might order an abdominal X-ray if you’re having one or more of the following symptoms:

  • chronic nausea
  • ongoing vomiting
  • abdominal pain
  • flank or back pain
  • abdominal swelling

Your doctor may also order this test if they think that you might have any of the following conditions:

  • an abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Addison’s disease
  • adenomyosis
  • anemia (idiopathic aplastic or secondary aplastic)
  • pancreatitis
  • appendicitis
  • ascariasis
  • atheroembolic renal disease
  • biliary atresia
  • blind loop syndrome
  • cholangitis
  • cholecystitis
  • chronic renal failure
  • cirrhosis
  • Echinococcus infection
  • Hirschsprung’s disease
  • intestinal pseudo-obstruction (primary or idiopathic)
  • intussusception (in children)
  • kidney failure
  • a kidney injury
  • necrotizing enterocolitis
  • nephrocalcinosis
  • peritonitis
  • renal artery stenosis
  • renal cell carcinoma
  • toxic megacolon
  • a ureter injury
  • Wilms’ tumor


An abdominal film can also help your doctor locate the precise position of an object you’ve swallowed. Alternatively, your doctor might use this test to make sure that a tube or catheter is in the correct location. These are often placed to allow for drainage or the administration of fluids or gases.

Is there radiation involved in X-ray?

Yes. X-ray is an imaging test which involves a small amount of radiation to show pictures of the organs, tissues, and bones of the body.

How do I prepare?

Please refer to the simple preparation guidelines or consult with your doctor or radiology center where you are being treated. Do not forget to bring your LabFinder Order and Insurance Card to your appointment.

When will I receive my results?

Once completed, you will receive your results within 3-5 business days in your LabFinder portal.


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This is for educational purposes only. LabFinder does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All users should consult with a medical provider in person for any health concerns.
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